This WG considers how the science that our members are producing may have an impact on agriculture. Agriculture will have to meet important demands in the near future. The production of sufficient, safe and healthy food for an increasing human population is a huge challenge. But this production also has to meet the need for a reduced impact of agriculture in a changing environment.
Everyone working in plant biology is aware of the significant advances in our knowledge of plant development, interactions of plants with other organisms — particularly pathogens, and the control of metabolic pathways. New methodologies are being developed to study plants both at molecular and cellular levels and as whole organisms or populations in the field. We are convinced that these methods and the information that we are obtaining from them will have, sooner or later, significant effects on agriculture. Agriculture has always been based on the best technologies available at a given moment. Plants were among the first species selected for the studies that led to the birth of genetics and during the last century plant breeding provided the basis for the present levels of food production. A number of technologies are already having an impact in plant breeding:
- Molecular markers are already being used routinely for many crop species by public and private breeders.
- Sequences of the main cultivated plants are becoming available and resequencing of varieties is being used to obtain collections of polymorphic sequences that allow massive genotyping and the discovery and use of complex genetic characters.
- Knowledge of pathways that control metabolism and development and generate resistance to pathogens is providing genes that may be useful to produce new variability through transformation.
- Methods for phenotyping are also being developed based on image analysis. They may become useful to follow the state of crops in the field helping farmers to take decisions.
The recent progress in genome editing allows the efficient and precise modification of genes in almost all plant species.
By introducing the genetic information for new metabolic pathways into nuclear and chloroplast genomes plants can be explored as production platform for a wide range of new products.
Next to this, increasing awareness and providing an actual overview and access to Risk Assessment (RA) and Regulatory Issues (RI) of new agricultural technologies, including genetic engineering and genome editing, also belongs to the activities of the WoGr. RA and RI influence the daily work and lives of researchers involved in developing and exploring new biotechnologies. The group aims to address this significant area, directly related to research and placing on the market. Main tasks arez to: increase awareness of RA and RI amongst EPSO members, provide an actual overview on and access to RA and RI documents for EPSO members, and flag up necessary actions.
This WG meets up to three times a year. Having met online on 26 April and 11 September, the next meeting will be held online on 27 November – please contact the WG Chairs if you are interested in attending. The current issues are: positions on Crop Genetic Improvement Technologies, New Plant Breeding Techniques (NPBT), the implementation of the Nagoya protocol at national level, advice on Synthetic Biology, plant breeders rights and patent rights. The group continues to provide science advice to policy on NPBTs to the European Commission and via its members to national level.
EPSO news developed by this WG:
First reaction on the Advocate General’s Opinion regarding mutagenesis and the Genetically Modified Organisms Directive
First reaction on the Advocate General’s Opinion regarding mutagenesis and the Genetically Modified Organisms Directive, welcoming this as an important step in clarifying the GMO directive. EPSO awaits the decision of the Court of Justice of the EU foreseen for 2018.
Opinion on the SAM Explanatory Note on New Techniques in Agricultural Biotechnology welcoming the science based view on applications and implications including risk and benefits. EPSO calls for urgent action to promote progress in plant science and commercial breeding...
Synthetic Biology should not be confused with the application of new breeding techniques, updated statement, reemphasizing that the techniques themselves do not define whether an organism or product is of synthetic origin just by their mere application; and that a...
Relevant news from other sources:
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Eva-Mari Aro, Univ. Turku, FI
Pierre Barret, INRAE, FR
Sylvain Bischof, UZH, CH
Gintaras Brazauskas, LAMMC, LT
Ralph Bock, MPIMP Golm, DE
Teodoro Cardi, CNR, IT
Josep Casacuberta, CSIC-CRAG, ES
Aldo Ceriotti, CNR, IT
Pedro Crevillen CBGP (UPM-INIA/CSIC), ES
Pilar Cubas, CSIC, ES
René Custers, VIB, BE
Roberto Defez, CNR, IT
Theresa Fitzpatrick, UNIGE, CH
Jens Freitag, IPK, DE
Emanuele Frontoni, UniPM, Ancona, IT
Jordi Garcia Mas, CRAG, ES
Wilhelm Gruissem, ETH Zurich, CH
Emmanuel Guiderdoni, CIRAD, FR
Claire Halpin, Hutton, UK
Frank Hartung, JKI, DE
Marie-Theres Hauser, BoKu, AT
Ingo Hein, Hutton, UK
Kelli Houston, Hutton, UK
Thomas Jacobs, VIB, BE
Huw Jones, IBERS UK
Jonathan Jones, TSL, UK
Sophien Kamoun, TSL, UK
Margit Laimer, BoKu, AT
Antonio Leyva, CNB-CSIC, ES
Fiorella Lo Schiavo , Univ. Padova, IT
Tiago Lourenço, ITQB, PT
Tjasa Lukan, NIB, SI
Doris Lucyshyn, BoKu, AT
Elspeth MacRae, former Scion, NZ
Devang Mehta, KU Leuven, BE
Karin Metzlaff, EPSO
Heiko Mibus-Schoppe, Univ. Geisenheim, DE
Michele Morgante, Univ. Udine, IT
Richard Newcomb, PFR, NZ
Moritz Nowack, VIB, BE
Vitantonio Pantaleo, CNR, IT
Roberto Papa, UNIVPM, IT
Katia Petroni, Univ. Milano .IT
Pere Puigdomenech, CRAG, ES
Francesco Paolocci, CNR, IT
Anneli Ritala-Nurmi, VTT, FI
Odd Arne Rognli , NMBU, NO
Joerg Romeis, Agroscope, CH
Nelson Saibo, ITQB, PT
Cecilia Sarmiento, Univ. Talin, EE
Helga Schinkel, Fraunhofer IME, DE
Andrea Schubert, Univ. Studi Torino, IT
Alan Schulman, LUKE, FI
Uli Schurr, Jülich, DE
George Skaracis, Univ. Agricultural Athens, GR
Sjef Smeekens, Univ. Ultrecht, NL
Rene Smulders, WUR, NL
Thorben Sprink, JKI, DE
Darja Stanič, NIB, SI
Nils Stein, IPK, DE
Eva Stoger, BoKu, AT
Jens Sundstroem, SLU, SE
Tage Thorstensen, NIBIO, NO
Tomas Vanek, CAS, CZ
Richard Visser, WUR, NL
Alessandro Vitale, CNR, IT
Nicolaus von Wiren, IPK, DE
Ralf Wilhelm, JKI, DE
Li-Hua Zhu, SLU Alnarp, SE
Sandra Bendiscioli, EMBO, DE
Malcolm Bennett, Univ. Nottingham, UK
Henrik Brinch-Pedersen, Univ. Aarhus, DK
Matthias Fladung, Thuenen Inst, DE
Johnathan Napier, Rothamsted, UK
Solveig Krogh Christiansen, Univ. Copenhagen, DK