This WG considers how the science that our members are producing may have an impact on agriculture. Agriculture will have to meet important demands in the near future. The production of sufficient, safe and healthy food for an increasing human population is a huge challenge. But this production also has to meet the need for a reduced impact of agriculture in a changing environment.
Everyone working in plant biology is aware of the significant advances in our knowledge of plant development, interactions of plants with other organisms — particularly pathogens, and the control of metabolic pathways. New methodologies are being developed to study plants both at molecular and cellular levels and as whole organisms or populations in the field. We are convinced that these methods and the information that we are obtaining from them will have, sooner or later, significant effects on agriculture. Agriculture has always been based on the best technologies available at a given moment. Plants were among the first species selected for the studies that led to the birth of genetics and during the last century plant breeding provided the basis for the present levels of food production. A number of technologies are already having an impact in plant breeding:
- Molecular markers are already being used routinely for many crop species by public and private breeders.
- Sequences of the main cultivated plants are becoming available and resequencing of varieties is being used to obtain collections of polymorphic sequences that allow massive genotyping and the discovery and use of complex genetic characters.
- Knowledge of pathways that control metabolism and development and generate resistance to pathogens is providing genes that may be useful to produce new variability through transformation.
- Methods for phenotyping are also being developed based on image analysis. They may become useful to follow the state of crops in the field helping farmers to take decisions.
The recent progress in genome editing allows the efficient and precise modification of genes in almost all plant species.
By introducing the genetic information for new metabolic pathways into nuclear and chloroplast genomes plants can be explored as production platform for a wide range of new products.
Next to this, increasing awareness and providing an actual overview and access to Risk Assessment (RA) and Regulatory Issues (RI) of new agricultural technologies, including genetic engineering and genome editing, also belongs to the activities of the WoGr. RA and RI influence the daily work and lives of researchers involved in developing and exploring new biotechnologies. The group aims to address this significant area, directly related to research and placing on the market. Main tasks arez to: increase awareness of RA and RI amongst EPSO members, provide an actual overview on and access to RA and RI documents for EPSO members, and flag up necessary actions.
This WG meets twice a year. Next meetings will be held on 20-21 January 2022 (EMBO / EPSO AgT Workshop on IP in Genome Editing) and on 10 May 2022 . The current issues are: positions on Crop Genetic Improvement Technologies, New Plant Breeding Techniques (NPBT), the implementation of the Nagoya protocol at national level, advice on Synthetic Biology, plant breeders rights and patent rights. The group continues to provide science advice to policy on NPBTs to the European Commission and via its members to national level.
EPSO news developed by this WG:
Updated Statement: Crop Genetic Improvement Technologies
EC-EPSO EXPO Conference on ‘Crop genetic improvement technologies’ on 14 July 2015 at the CNR headquarter in Milano was a major success with excellent and well balanced presentations and very open discussions - see discussion on twitter hashtag #expocrops. Read the...
Crop Genetic Improvement Technologies, Statement
Relevant news from other sources:
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Eva-Mari Aro, Univ. Turku, FI
Pierre Barret, INRAE, FR
Malcolm Bennett, Univ. Nottingham, UK
Sylvain Bischof, UZH, CH
Gintaras Brazauskas, LAMMC, LT
Ralph Bock, MPIMP Golm, DE
Josep Casacuberta, CSIC-CRAG, ES
Aldo Ceriotti, CNR, IT
Pedro Crevillen CBGP (UPM-INIA/CSIC), ES
René Custers, VIB, BE
Roberto Defez, CNR, IT
Theresa Fitzpatrick, UNIGE, CH
Jens Freitag, IPK, DE
Jordi Garcia Mas, CRAG, ES
Josef Gloessl, BoKu, AT
Andreas Graner, IPK, DE
Wilhelm Gruissem, ETH Zurich, CH
Emmanuel Guiderdoni, CIRAD, FR
Claire Halpin, Hutton, UK
Frank Hartung, JKI, DE
Ingo Hein, Hutton, UK
Kelli Houston, Hutton, UK
Thomas Jacobs, VIB, BE
Huw Jones, IBERS UK
Jonathan Jones, TSL, UK
Sophien Kamoun, TSL, UK
Margit Laimer, BoKu, AT
Antonio Leyva, CNB-CSIC, ES
Fiorella Lo Schiavo , Univ. Padova, IT
Tiago Lourenço, ITQB, PT
Elspeth MacRae, former Scion, NZ
Karin Metzlaff, EPSO
Heiko Mibus-Schoppe, Univ. Geisenheim, DE
Michele Morgante, Univ. Udine, IT
Moritz Nowack, VIB, BE
Vitantonio Pantaleo, CNR, IT
Roberto Papa, UNIVPM, IT
Pere Puigdomenech, CRAG, ES
Francesco Paolocci, CNR, IT
Anneli Ritala-Nurmi, VTT, FI
Odd Arne Rognli , NMBU, NO
Joerg Romeis, Agroscope, CH
Nelson Saibo, ITQB, PT
Cecilia Sarmiento, Univ. Talin, EE
Helga Schinkel, Fraunhofer IME, DE
Andrea Schubert, Univ. Studi Torino, IT
Alan Schulman, LUKE, FI
Uli Schurr, Research Center Julich, DE
George Skaracis, Univ. Agricultural Athens, GR
Sjef Smeekens, Univ. Ultrecht, NL
Rene Smulders, WUR, NL
Thorben Sprink, JKI, DE
Eva Stoger, BoKu, AT
Jens Sundstroem, SLU, SE
Tage Thorstensen, NIBIO, NO
Tomas Vanek, CAS, CZ
Richard Visser, WUR, NL
Susanne Vogelgsang, Agroscope, CH
Ralf Wilhelm, JKI, DE
Li-Hua Zhu, SLU Alnarp, SE
Henrik Brinch-Pedersen, Univ. Aarhus, DK
Matthias Fladung, Thuenen Inst, DE
Michel Garfinkel, EMBO, DE
Johnathan Napier, Rothamsted, UK
Solveig Krogh Christiansen, Univ. Copenhagen, DK